Blog #4 State and Federal Legislation Analysis

Obama Explains ESSA

Education is the overall foundation for all children to succeed in their lifetime. In order to ensure that all students receive a rigorous, equitable and successful education, there are laws through our legislation that have been put into place by both the state and federal departments. Specifically, in literacy, there are guidelines in order to ensure that all students are on the right path to literacy success. These are put in place in order to monitor students’ progression but also to ensure that teachers are working to ensure this progression happens sufficiently.

On the state level, Minnesota is ranked one of the top 10 states in our country for a reason. The statutes that are put into play are to provide a solid education for all students that receive an education within our state. The state’s goal for teachers, parents and most importantly, students, is to have them reading proficiently by third grade. This is the literacy goal that aligns with having teachers providing comprehensive reading instruction. The state also requires teachers and staff to identify before the end of kindergarten through second grade the students who are not reading at grade level before the end of the current school year. The given reading assessments must also identify and evaluate students’ areas of academic need related to literacy. The progress and provided reading instruction for the specific needs of English learners must be monitored as well. The state also holds us accountable for parent communication and involvement with students’ families that are not reading at grade level along with resources and strategies to use at home. For students identified as intervention eligible, the district shall provide reading intervention to accelerate the student’s growth and reach the goal of reading at or above grade level by the end of the current grade and school year. The state also has legislation regarding teachers receiving professional development to promote the use of the most current and best practices. All of these subdivisions are put into place to ensure the quality and success for all students that enter a school in the state of Minnesota.

On top of the state’s legislation, the federal laws have held teachers accountable as well. In 2015, President Obama signed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) which resembles the commitment to equal opportunity for all students. This law advances equity by upholding critical protections for America’s disadvantaged and high-need students., requires that all students in America be taught to high academic standards that will prepare them to succeed in college and careers, ensures that vital information is provided to educators, families, students, and communities through annual statewide assessments that measure students’ progress toward those high standards, helps to support and grow local innovations, sustains and expands this administration’s historic investments in increasing access to high-quality preschool, and maintains an expectation that there will be accountability and action to effect positive change in our lowest-performing schools.

Knowing the pieces to our state and federal legislation laws will allow teachers to become knowledgable of the expectations for both teachers and students to obtain a successful and equitable school experience at any school in our country.


2016 Minnesota Statutes. (n.d.). Retrieved June 20, 2017, from

(n.d.). Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Retrieved June 20, 2017, from


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